Moles: Know your enemy

Moles can wreak havoc on a yard.

They burrow underneath your lawn, leaving dirt mounds and unsightly raised ridges in their wake.

In order to get rid of moles, it helps to know something about their biology and habits. 

Types of moles

There are seven species of moles with the Eastern Mole and Star-Nosed Mole being the most common. Generally, moles are 6 inches long, with brown or grey fur, a hairless snout and oar-like front legs.

Moles are often confused with gophers (which also burrow), voles (which sound similar and often adopt mole tunnels, but eat only plant matter) and shrews (which are smaller than moles, but consume a similar diet of grubs and earthworms).

Moles are food-driven

Mole behavior has everything to do with their eating habits.

As carnivores, or rather “insectivores,” moles subsist mainly on grubs, earthworms and beetles. It’s not uncommon for a mole to eat between 75 and 100 percent of its body weight in a single day.

In order to find these food sources, moles tunnel through moist soil.

This means that they are most active near the surface after a rainfall and retreat to deeper soil during the dry months of summer and winter.

Moles live underground

Moles have adapted to thrive underground. They have tiny eyes and ears and rely on their sense of touch to guide them. The Star-Nosed Mole has a distinctive snout that is covered in sensors.

The mole’s soft, velvety fur allows it to move forward and backward through dirt with minimal resistance.

Moles operate independently

Except during mating season, moles live and work alone.

When breeding does occur, in the early spring, female gestation lasts approximately 6 weeks (42 days), resulting in a litter of three, four or five offspring.

Nests and runways

Moles live in nests that they line with leaves and grass.

They use a system of runways to move between these nests and their food source.

Mole tunnels are often between 1 inch and 1 1/2 inches. This means a well-placed trap can be very effective in removing a mole.
The Easy Mole Trap is the best way to get rid of moles on your property. It can be deployed in just minutes and its heavy-duty construction ensures repeated uses.

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