Moles inhabit a hidden world that lies just beneath our feet.
Those unsightly mounds and dirt piles are just the tip of the iceberg.
The key to getting rid of moles is understanding their system of runways.
Moles live in underground nests or burrows. They feed on grubs, earthworms and other small animals found in the soil.
In between the nest and the food lies a system of runways that keep the mole population thriving, but leave a blemish on your lawn.
Mole runways are not dissimilar from the roads we humans use to travel from home to work, school or shopping.
Moles live their lives underground. Not only are they closer to their food supply, but they’re protecting from surface-level predators.
Mole nests are constructed in protected areas: underneath rocks, trees or tree stumps or along fences. These sanctuaries are lined with grass and leaves and are only slightly wider than the connecting runways. Nests are usually found 4 to 16 inches from the surface.
Mole create and maintain two systems of tunnels: deep tunnels and surface tunnels.
Only surface runways are visible to the naked eye. These are the ugly raised mounds you see on your lawn.
An active mole can dig 80 feet of new runway in a single day. So-called main runways are used regularly by many different moles, while other runways are used less often or only once.
About 4 to 12 inches below the surface runways lie the mole’s deep runways.
Deep runways are more heavily traveled than surface runways, as moles use them to move between a nest and surface runways.
When it comes time to eliminate your mole problem, traps should be placed on main runways. Main runways can be identified by their straight course and they often run between two mounds or openings.
Sidewalks, fences and woods can indicate the presence of main runways. From these main arteries, surface runways diverge, crisscrossing the area.
Main runways are also more likely to be the target of maintenance. When a main runway is collapsed, moles tend to repair it in in a matter of a few days.
Trapping near nests
Nests also provide a viable target for trapping. They are often located along the perimeter of a lawn or yard.
Experts recommend roughly four traps on one acre of land.
The Easy Mole Trap is the most effective mole control device on the market. It uses a jaws-scissors design catch any mole that attempts to open a tunnel.
With its electroplated frame and stainless steel springs, the Easy Mole Trap holds up to repeated use. Best of all, it is placed underneath the surface of the soil, making it safe for children and pets.