Moles: unwelcome signs of spring

The first signs of spring are a welcome sight. Buds on the trees, flowers poking through the soil, the call of the robin.

But the dawning of spring brings with it some unwelcome visitors as well.

Moisture and moles

Spring rains restore dormant plant life. They also bring out worms. Those worms, in turn, bring out moles.

Along with grubs, earthworms represent the primary food source for moles. And while these soil dwellers remain dormant during the dry winter months, they come to life amid the moisture of spring. Not surprisingly, this kicks mole activity into high gear, too.

Mating season for moles

Mole control begins not in spring, but in the last days of winter.

That’s because moles breed from February to May. This is a key time to deploy traps and other mole control — before females give birth to a litter and the next generation takes hold in your lawn.

Mole breeding

The mating ritual for moles involves the male mole burrowing his way into new territory in search of females.

Moles are not actually blind, but their vision is poor and they rely heavily on their sense of touch. As he goes along, the male emits a high-pitched squeal that signals to the female. 


Once fertilization occurs, a gestation period of roughly 42 days (six weeks) follows. When it’s over, usually in March or April, a litter of three, four or five moles is born.

The young moles will feed voraciously in order to grow and reach maturity. 

Mole maturation

Juvenile moles stick close to the mother for a period of 30-45 days. After that, they’re ready to venture out on their own and, yes, produce the next generation of young moles.

After a few seasons, one yard or even a whole neighborhood can be under attack from a multi-generation of moles.


Moles remain active throughout the year. Their time of greatest activity near the topsoil is immediately after rainfall in spring and autumn.

Moles head for the moisture in their deeper burrows during the dryness of summer and when the ground freezes in the winter.

Moles are most active before noon, but continue activity intermittently throughout the day.

The end of the family line

The time to defend your yard against moles is in the early spring, before breeding takes place and before the next generation of moles can be born.

Stop the bloodline in its tracks with the Easy Mole Trap. With its jaw-scissors design and heavy duty stainless steel springs, it’s one of the most effective mole control tools on the market.

Mole problems may seem to pop up in the spring and summer, but effective mole control is a year-round effort.

Tags: Mole Trouble