Moles are well-known yard and garden pests.
While tunneling for grubs, earthworms and insects, moles leave raised trails and dirt piles behind them.
But the mole marring your lawn could be one of seven types of mole commonly found in North America.
Easily recognized for its distinctive snout, the Star-Nosed Mole (Condylura cristata) is widespread throughout the United States and Canada.
Found as far south as Northern Florida, the Star-Nosed Mole’s range spreads Northwest into North Dakota and Northeast along the Atlantic seaboard well into Canada.
Its namesake snout is said to have more than 25,000 tiny sensors.
The Hairy-Tailed Mole
Otherwise known as Brewer’s Mole, the Hairy-Tailed Mole (Parascalops breweri) is generally found in the Northeastern United States, spilling over into Ontario.
Its distribution stretches from Central Ohio to the Atlantic Ocean. Animals have been found as far south as Tennessee and north to the Canadian border.
Hairy-tailed moles have been known to venture into bodies of water for fish and leeches. Their salivary glands produce toxins that paralyze their prey.
The Eastern Mole
The most widespread of moles in the United States is the Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus).
These moles extend east from Missouri to the Atlantic, and range north from the Gulf of Mexico into Minnesota, Michigan and around the shores of Lake Ontario.
The Eastern Mole has wide front legs, along with a seasmold bone at the wrist to facilitate digging.
The American Shrew Mole
Sometimes referred to as Gibb’s Shrew Mole, the American Shrew Mole (Neurotrichus gibbsii) is strictly confined to the West Coast of the United States.
The smallest mole in North America, American Shrew Moles extend north from Central California (Santa Cruz County) into Oregon and Washington to the Canadian Border.
The American Shrew Mole’s teeth resemble those of a mole, while its fur is more similar to that of a mole.
The Coast Mole
The Coast Mole (Scapanus orarius) has a minimal range from Northern California through Oregon and Washington, although a few animals have been found in Central Idaho.
Sometimes called the Pacific Mole, Coast Moles tirelessly construct molehills, often averaging 300 in a single winter.
Even more narrowly located than the American Shrew Mole or Cost Mole, Townsend’s Mole (Scapanus tonsendii) occupies a narrow territory along the west coast of Washington, Oregon and just barely into Northern California.
This variety of mole is named after John K. Townsend, a well-known naturalist.
The Broad-Footed Mole
Broad-Footed Moles (Scapanius latimanus) are found in Central Oregon and sprinkled throughout California to the Mexican border.
The Broad-Footed Mole can be found at elevations as high as 1,000 feet above sea level.
Getting Rid of Moles
Moles are considered a pest everywhere they are found. Their voracious appetite for insects, invertebrates and other soil animals are a nuisance to homeowners and farmers.
Moles can severely reduce the size and yield of agricultural land. Widely regarded as a pest, farmers have blamed moles for contaminating silage with soil, leaving their livestock unwilling to eat it.
Moles expose underground stones and have also contributed to documented incidents of damage to machinery. The presence of moles can also alter watercourses, affecting the immediate ecosystem.
The Easy Mole Trap is the most effect mole trap available, no matter what variety of mole you’re facing. With its heavy-duty construction, the Easy Mole Trap can withstand repeated uses and can be set it just seconds.